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"What do you actually know about Wakanda?"
"Textiles, shepherds, cool outfits."
"It's all a front. Explorers searched for it for centuries. El Dorado. The Golden City. They thought they could find it in South America, but it was in Africa the whole time."
Ulysses Klaue and Everett Ross[src]

Wakanda, officially known as the Kingdom of Wakanda, is a small isolationist landlocked country located in Africa, surrounded by mountain ranges and a thick forest.

History

This section requires expansion

Origins

"Millions of years ago, a meteorite made of vibranium, the strongest substance in the universe, struck the continent of Africa, affecting the plant life around it. And when the time of men came, five tribes settled on it and called it Wakanda."
N'Jobu[src]

Vibranium spreading around the land of Africa

2.5 million years ago,[1] a meteorite made of an alien metal landed in the heart of Africa, greatly affecting the surrounding flora. Centuries later, five tribes colonized the area and went to war over the metal, which they referred to as Isipho. One day, Bashenga was guided by a vision of Bast who led him towards a plant that had mutated as a result of the metal's powers.

Upon ingesting the herb, Bashenga discovered he had been imbued with superhuman abilities and used them to unite the tribes as the first King of Wakanda and the first "Black Panther". Four of the tribes pledged their loyalty to Bashenga while the Jabari Tribe went into isolation.

As time passed, the Wakandans used the metal to develop technology that was far more highly-advanced than any other in existence. To protect themselves from the chaos that was slowly consuming the rest of the world, they created a cloaking field that allowed them to hide in plain sight.[2]

S.H.I.E.L.D. Surveillance

Wakanda was marked as a "hot-spot" for activities monitored by S.H.I.E.L.D.. As such, Wakanda was displayed in the holographic maps used by the organization to oversee those activities.[3]

Theft of Vibranium

"There has been an attack. This man, Ulysses Klaue, stole a quarter ton of Vibranium from us and triggered a bomb at the border to escape. Many lives were lost."
T'Chaka to N'Jobu[src]

During T'Chaka's rulership, N'Jobu became convinced that Wakanda's isolationist policy was completely wrong, as the Wakandans could help people of African descent around the world. N'Jobu decided that the only course of action was to initiate a global revolution, so he revealed his country's existence to Ulysses Klaue.

With N'Jobu's intel, Klaue managed to avoid all Wakandan security systems and successfully infiltrated Wakanda. Inside he stole a quarter-ton of vibranium although the Wakandans attempted to stop him. However, Klaue triggered a bomb and explosion killed numerous Wakandan citizens, including W'Kabi's parents, which gave Klaue opportunity to escape.[2]

Sokovia Accords

"When stolen Wakandan vibranium was used to make a terrible weapon, we in Wakanda were forced to question our legacy. Those men and women killed in Nigeria were part of a goodwill mission from a country too long in the shadows. We will not, however, let misfortune drive us back. We will fight to improve the world we wish to join."
T'Chaka[src]

After a terrorist attack in Lagos claimed the lives of twenty-six people, eleven of the victims being relief aid workers from Wakanda, King T'Chaka was one of several international politicians who called for the United Nations to create a system of accountability. Sometime later, the United Nations passed the Sokovia Accords before arranging a formal ceremony at the Vienna International Centre in Austria. T'Chaka and his son T'Challa were among those in attendance. During the ceremony, as T'Chaka gave the keynote address, a bomb detonated and decimated the building, killing T'Chaka and twelve other people.[4]

T'Challa's Coronation

T'Challa returning home to Wakanda

As a result of T'Chaka's death, T'Challa was subsequently crowned as the new King of Wakanda, first retrieving Nakia from her current mission with Okoye. He then challenged M'Baku for the throne of Wakanda, as by tradition he must fight one of the warriors chosen for the kingdom's throne from the other tribes of Wakanda. While M'Baku was later defeated, his life was spared so he could continue aiding his own tribe in the mountains. T'Challa later took the Heart-Shaped Herb so he could meet with his ancestors including the late T'Chaka.[2]

Klaue's Escape

T'Challa brings Everett Ross into Shuri's lab

Later, after T'Challa caught and arrested Ulysses Klaue in Busan, Klaue had managed to escape with the help of his enforcers, injuring Everett Ross while doing so. Knowing about the secrecy risks associated with bringing an outsider into Wakanda, T'Challa decided to take Ross to Wakanda and let his sister Shuri heal him.[2]

Killmonger's Rule

Erik Killmonger challenges T'Challa

After he learned from Zuri of the truth about his uncle N'Jobu, T'Challa was surprised to find that Erik Killmonger had arrived in Wakanda, having just killed Ulysses Klaue. Killmonger denounced T'Challa and questioned his own identity, but upon being forced to leave had revealed to the others that he was N'Jobu's son, challenging T'Challa to the throne of Wakanda.

Erik Killmonger finally defeating T'Challa

Based on tradition, the two faced each other at the Warrior Falls for the ceremonial fight to earn the title of king. Upon being stripped of his powers however, T'Challa discovered that the military training and experience had made Killmonger a tough opponent for him to beat. Despite initially seeming like T'Challa would win, Killmonger later dealt some hard blows to T'Challa and threw him off the waterfall as he was crowned the new king of Wakanda, having killed Zuri for being "responsible for his father's death."

T'Challa is found and saved in Jabari Land

While Killmonger underwent the traditional rituals for a newly crowned Wakandan king, it was revealed that T'Challa was recovered by the Jabari Tribe in an unconscious state. Given one last Heart-Shaped Herb to recover as all other herbs were burned down by Killmonger, T'Challa woke up and requested for the Jabari to help him overthrow Killmonger, who planned to send Wakandan technology to all corners of the world so all people of African descent could defend themselves more easily.[2]

Battle of Mount Bashenga

M'Baku coming to the aid of Wakanda

As the Wakandan crafts took off one-by-one with their vibranium weapons, Erik Killmonger noticed one of the crafts on the ground burning. T'Challa emerged from the craft unscathed, as he and the Dora Milaje proceeded to face off against Killmonger and the Border Tribe with help from the Jabari Tribe.

During the battle, Killmonger had defeated the Dora Milaje and was about to tackle Shuri when T'Challa charged into him, knocking both of them into the Vibranium mine that lay below Mount Bashenga.[2]

While in the mine, T'Challa and Killmonger fought each other on the tracks the Wakandan Maglev Train, where sonic-powered devices are used to nullify the effects of vibranium while they're being transported on the trains. Once T'Challa told Shuri to activate the Kimoyo Beads, the Black Panther Habits of T'Challa and Killmonger were able to be briefly disabled whenever a train passes, eventually allowing T'Challa to stab Killmonger in the chest with his own weapon.

T'Challa and Erik Killmonger watch the sunset

Knowing that he just lost the fight, Killmonger addressed his father and how he referred to Wakanda as the most beautiful place in the world. T'Challa then took Killmonger out of the mine to watch the sunset over Wakanda. T'Challa offered to help Killmonger by having him healed, but Killmonger declined, mentioning that he would rather die than get locked up. Killmonger then took the weapon out of his chest and died on the cliff, as T'Challa reclaimed his throne and kingdom.[2]

Exposing Wakanda to the World

T'Challa had decided to open the advanced nation to the rest of the world and share its technology with them. Addressing the truth about Wakanda at the United Nations in Vienna, he announced the end of Wakanda's isolation and claimed the entire planet to be completely unified. He decided to purchase the apartment complex where T'Chaka killed N'Jobu, and renovate it into an embassy for Wakanda that Shuri and Nakia will run.[2]

Sanctuary for Bucky Barnes

A statue of the revered Black Panther

"You know if they find out he's here, they'll come for him."
"Let them try."
Steve Rogers and T'Challa[src]

Meeting with Steve Rogers in Wakanda, T'Challa agreed to grant asylum to Bucky Barnes, promising to help the former cleanse his mind of the HYDRA programming implemented.[5]

Bucky Barnes living in Wakanda

Barnes was later brought out of cryo-stasis by Shuri and began his recuperation in a remote Wakandan village. One morning, Barnes, who had been titled as the "White Wolf", woke to find himself being pestered by a trio of Wakandan children before Shuri arrived to help with his rehabilitation.[6] Having had his mind repaired, Barnes began to work as a farmer within Wakanda to try and gain some normality back into his life and find his inner peace away from his life as an assassin for HYDRA.[7]

Redirection

"I'm gonna make it look like your phone's in the mountains of Wakanda."
Alex Wilder to Livvie[src]

The location of the country was used by Alex Wilder when he hacked Livvie's phone tracking system in order to make it look as if the phone was located in the mountains of Wakanda.[8]

Infinity War

Battle of Wakanda

The Outriders attack Wakanda

"This will be the end of Wakanda."
"Then it will be the noblest ending in history."
M'Baku and Okoye[src]

In 2018, the Avengers consisting of Steve Rogers, Black Widow, War Machine, Falcon, Bruce Banner, and Wanda Maximoff arrived in Wakanda and were greeted by T'Challa. They tasked Shuri with extracting the Mind Stone from Vision. Members of the Black Order and Outriders then invaded and the Avengers mounted a defense alongside T'Challa, Bucky Barnes, and the united forces of Dora Milaje, Jabari Tribe, and the Wakandan Royal Guard. Banner, unable to summon Hulk, fought in Stark's Hulkbuster armor. Thor, Rocket Raccoon, and Groot arrived via the Bifrost Bridge and rallied the defenses. Proxima Midnight, Cull Obsidian and Corvus Glaive were killed and their army of Outriders destroyed.

Thanos arrives in Wakanda

Unfortunately, at the same time, Thanos arrived in Wakanda, intent on personally retrieving the last Stone. The Avengers and their allies attempted to stop him from getting to Vision, but Thanos' near-omnipotence instantly overwhelmed them all. Alone with Maximoff, Vision told her that she had to kill him. At first, she refused out of love for Vision until he convinced her that it was the only way to stop Thanos. Maximoff then tearfully unleashed a stream of energy into the Stone. As he defeated the Avengers with complete ease, Thanos began to approach Vision and Maximoff but was held back by the latter, who issued a stream of energy. Vision managed to declare his love for Maximoff as she successfully cracked and shattered the Mind Stone, destroying it along with Vision in an explosion.

Thanos takes the Mind Stone from Vision

Thanos briefly sympathized with Maximoff before he used the Time Stone to undo her actions and retrieved the Stone from Vision, deactivating him. After obtaining the Mind Stone, Thanos powered up, only to be interrupted by Thor, who unleashed the full might of his power and Stormbreaker upon Thanos in a last-minute attempt to stop him, violently stabbing him in the chest. Thor landed on the ground and walked towards him, pushing Stormbreaker into the latter's chest as deep as he could into Thanos, reminding him of the vow he made to Thanos for killing his brother.

Thanos snaps the completed Infinity Gauntlet

Despite being badly wounded by Thor, Thanos remained unfazed and mocked Thor that he should have aimed for the head and activated the Infinity Gauntlet with a snap of his fingers before leaving Wakanda by a portal. Thanos' plan came to fruition as beings across the universe began to disintegrate, including in Wakanda as Barnes, Wilson, Maximoff, T'Challa, Groot, and some of the surviving Wakandan soldiers. Banner, M'Baku, Okoye, Rhodes, Rocket, Rogers, Romanoff, and Thor were left on the Wakandan battlefield in defeat.[7]

Battle of Earth

Black Panther leads the Wakandan army

Five years later, Okoye was in charge of Wakanda, while cooperating with the Avengers. As a result of the Blip, all Wakandan civilians were restored to life. All of Wakanda's armed forces, led by Black Panther, Okoye, and Shuri, were summoned by the Masters of the Mystic Arts and brought through a portal to aid the Avengers and their allies.

Celebrations in Wakanda

Afterwards, T'Challa, Okoye, and Shuri returned to Wakanda. There, T'Challa and Shuri reunited with Ramonda while watching the celebrations of families reunited in the Golden City.[9]

Alternate Universes

Abduction of T'Challa

"The cosmic readings where he was took nearly broke our dial. If there was anything not from that planet on that planet, it's there."
"Well, my home is built on an ancient vibranium meteorite."
Kraglin Obfonteri and T'Challa[src]

T'Challa returns to Wakanda

In an alternate universe, a young T'Challa, eager to explore outside of Wakanda, ventured outside and was taken away by Kraglin Obfonteri. Years later, in an alternate 2008, an adult T'Challa returned to Wakanda, joined by the Ravagers. T'Challa was reunited with his father, mother, and sister. The Wakandans then held a celebration in the Golden City's Citadel to celebrate T'Challa's return.[10]

Zombie Apocalypse

"The technology required to do so is currently beyond human capability."
"Not in Wakanda. And thanks to our force shields, it remains the last human sanctuary on Earth."
Vision and Okoye[src]

Zombie Thanos with Infinity Gauntlet in Golden City

In an alternate 2018, Thanos and his army, who had been infected by the quantum virus and become zombies, invaded Wakanda. A zombified Thanos stood by the Golden City wielding his nearly completed Infinity Gauntlet while the majority of Wakanda became infected. At the same time, T'Challa, Peter Parker, and Scott Lang arrived via Quadjet to broadcast the Mind Stone's frequency worldwide as a cure. However, a zombified Thanos waited in Wakanda for them to retrieve the Mind Stone.[11]

War Against the United States

Ramonda prepares to protect Wakanda

"Isn't that a lot of firepower to aim at a country most Americans can't find on a map?"
"By tomorrow, they won't need to."
Pepper Potts and Thaddeus Ross[src]

In an alternate 2008, Wakanda held a funeral ceremony for T'Challa. Afterwards, the Wakandan army consisting of the Dora Milaje, Wakandan Royal Guard, and the Border Tribe, led by Queen Ramonda and Erik Killmonger, prepared for war outside the Golden City against the Stark Liberator Drones sent by the United States Armed Forces.

Erik Killmonger fights in the battle

King T'Chaka opened the Wakandan force-field allowing the drones to come inside, thus causing them to be unable to be of any use. However, unbeknownst to the Wakandans, Killmonger had the controls and turned the drones on, instigating a battle against them. The Wakandan army was victorious against the drones.

Erik Killmonger as the new Black Panther

Afterwards, T'Chaka and Killmonger went to Mount Bashenga where T'Chaka proclaimed Killmonger to be the new Black Panther. Killmonger then took the Heart-Shaped Herb and took up residence in the Citadel.[12] As Shuri led Pepper Potts and the Dora Milaje to the Citadel to apprehend Killmonger, The Watcher arrived in the Citadel and took Killmonger out of the universe. When Shuri, Potts, and the Dora arrived inside they found that Killmonger disappeared.[13]

Age of Ultron

In an alternate 2015, Ultron obtained control of the nuclear codes. This resulted in a nuclear missile being launched into Wakanda, decimating the country.[14]

The Watcher vs. Ultron

In an alternate universe, members of the Dora Milaje in the Golden City witnessed for a brief second The Watcher and Ultron's multiversal battle.[14]

Language and Cultural Inspiration

The people of Wakanda are seen speaking several languages, primarily Xhosa and English, as well as Igbo and Zulu.

The Merchant Tribe is inspired by the Tuareg people of the Saharan and Sahelian regions,[15] the Border Tribe is inspired by the Lesotho people,[16] the River Tribe is inspired by the Suri and Mursi Tribes of Ethiopia, the Mining Tribe is inspired by the Himba and Maasai People of East Africa, and the Jabari Tribe is inspired by the Karo tribe of Ethiopia and the Dogon people of Mali.[15] Killmonger's scars are inspired by the Mursi and Surma tribes, like the River Tribe.

Appearances

Appearances for Wakanda

In chronological order:

Trivia

  • In Captain America: Civil War, Wakanda is depicted as a small area around Lake Turkana, a point where Uganda, Kenya, South Sudan and Ethiopia meet. Interestingly, this is the location of the Ilemi Triangle, an area of land contested between Kenya and South Sudan. The Black Panther artbook however depicts it in the East African Rift Valley, bordering Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda.
    • The geography of Wakanda depicted thus far shows lush vegetation, which would situate Wakanda in Central Africa, i.e. bordering Congo, rather than Kenya and Ethiopia, there are located in a mostly deserted section of the continent.
  • In Captain America: Civil War, T'Chaka speaks to T'Challa in Xhosa, and it, therefore, appears to be their native tongue. However, while the Wakandan language is likely to be a Bantu language (like Xhosa is) given its location, Xhosa is spoken in southern Africa, far from where Wakanda is said to be (however, the Xhosa were part of the Nguni migrations, which saw groups of Bantu speakers, head from Central Africa down south, with the Xhosa in particular once being near the Great Lakes).

Behind the Scenes

References

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