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For alternate versions of the Strategic Scientific Reserve, see the Strategic Scientific Reserve's Organization Hub

"The Strategic Scientific Reserve is an Allied effort made up of the best minds in the free world. Our goal is to create the best army in history. But every army starts with one man."
Chester Phillips[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve, or SSR, was a top-secret Allied intelligence agency during World War II. It was formed in 1940 by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to combat HYDRA, the Nazi special weapons division. After the war, the SSR came in conflict with the Soviet deep science division Leviathan and the corrupt Council of Nine. The SSR was later absorbed into the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division after its founding.


World War II[]

Project Rebirth[]

"We are going to win this war because we have the best men. And because they're gonna get better. Much... better."
Chester Phillips[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed in 1940 on the orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Although the United States was not directly involved in World War II at the time, Roosevelt knew that the situation was only temporary, because Adolf Hitler and his Third Reich were the greatest threat to the free world.

The commanding officer of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was Colonel Chester Phillips. The same year the Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed, he persuaded the American industrialist Howard Stark to join the agency, after a group of assassins sent by HYDRA, Hitler's special weapons division, tried to kill them both.

Shortly after, they organized the rescue of Abraham Erskine from Castle Kaufmann, where he was being held by Johann Schmidt, the commanding officer of HYDRA. Phillips sent one of his best agents, Peggy Carter, to secure Erskine's release.[1]

The goal of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to create an army of super soldiers that could defeat anything the Axis powers had on the battlefield. This led to, Project Rebirth, based on the work of their newest acquisition, Erskine, and the subsequent transformation of Steve Rogers into Captain America.


The SSR forces hunting down HYDRA

After Abraham Erskine was killed by Heinz Kruger, the top priority of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to take down HYDRA.[2]

Battling HYDRA[]

"I spoke to the President this morning. As of today, the SSR is being retasked."
"We are taking the fight to HYDRA."
Chester Phillips and Peggy Carter[src]

In November 1943, several members of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were in Italy. When Steve Rogers discovered that his friend Bucky Barnes was captured by HYDRA, he flew behind enemy lines and led a successful escape of prisoners from HYDRA Base Camp C3.

In the SSR's headquarters in London, Chester Phillips wanted to form a team of soldiers to assist Rogers in taking down HYDRA bases, but he turned down the offer, instead forming the Howling Commandos from the rescued prisoners.

Over the next year, the Howling Commandos progressively managed to destroy most major HYDRA operations, every time postponing Schmidt's planned worldwide offensive. At the beginning of 1945, Schmidt's top scientist Arnim Zola was captured and brought to the SSR's headquarters in London, where he revealed Schmidt's plans.[2]

Loss of Captain America[]

"HYDRA's last base is here. In the Alps. Five hundred feet below the surface."
"So, what are we supposed to do? I mean, it's not like we can just knock on the front door."
"Why not? That's exactly what we're gonna do."
Chester Phillips, Jim Morita, and Steve Rogers[src]

With the intelligence obtained from Arnim Zola, the SSR planned an attack on Schmidt's fortress in the Alps. A huge detachment of the United States Army assisted the SSR in the attack and the fortress was captured after a relatively short fight. Though Red Skull escaped with the massive aircraft bomber, the Valkyrie, with the intent to use weapons of mass destruction on the United States of America, Steve Rogers managed to board the plane and cause its fall into the icy waters of North Atlantic.[2]

Last Battle[]


Peggy Carter captures Werner Reinhardt

"These assets are now under the protection of the Strategic Scientific Reserve. They'll be relocated and hidden out of sight, indefinitely, as will you."
"Cut off one head, two more shall grow in its place."
"Then I guess we'll keep cutting them off."
Peggy Carter and Werner Reinhardt[src]

In 1945, the efforts of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were successful. Peggy Carter and the Howling Commandos took down the last known HYDRA base in Austria, capturing General Werner Reinhardt and a weapon that became known as the first 0-8-4, the Obelisk.[3] Reinhardt was placed in the SSR facility called the Rat, interrogated by Carter, and given a life sentence for his crimes.[4] HYDRA was destroyed, and the Axis powers defeated, and the SSR facility in London was dismantled.[2]

Post-War Actions[]

This section requires expansion

Stolen Weapons[]


SSR agents Ray Krzeminski, Jack Thompson, and Yauch

"I want action plans on my desk in one hour. Stay vigilant. I'm not losing any more of you."
Roger Dooley[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve continued with its activities, because new threats to the USA arose after the war. Howard Stark was accused of selling arms to the enemy during the war, and then he disappeared without a trace. Chief Roger Dooley of the New York City SSR branch was ordered to find Stark.[5]

Eventually, Dooley and his men discovered that the real mastermind behind the theft was Leviathan, the Soviet spy agency formed after World War I. A team of agents led by Jack Thompson and Peggy Carter went to Belarus, where they were assisted by the Howling Commandos in liberating Doctor Ivchenko, a prisoner of Leviathan, whom they brought back to the United States of America.[6]


Daniel Sousa tricks Johann Fennhoff

This was a part of Ivchenko's plan to get revenge on Howard Stark for the death of his brother. Stark had created a gas named Midnight Oil that was deployed during World War II causing the man's death; Johann Fennhoff blamed Stark and sought revenge. Peggy Carter, Jack Thompson, and Daniel Sousa thwarted the plot,[7] but not before the death of Roger Dooley. [8] Stark was cleared of all charges and the SSR was recognized by the President for its work with agent Thompson taking much of the credit and being congratulated by Walt Cooper personally.[7]

Branching Out[]

Los Angeles[]

By 1947, the SSR branched out, opening a facility in Los Angeles, California under the leadership of Daniel Sousa. Using the front of Auerbach Theatrical Agency,[9] Sousa used the alias of "Mr. Auerbach"[10] to cover the reality of the organization. One of the first transfers from the New York Bell Company Office branch was Rose Roberts, who continued her duties as the first line of defense by acting as a secretary. One of the first cases that the new branch received was the murder of Jane Scott, found frozen in a lake in Echo Park on one of the hottest days of the year. Peggy Carter was sent to assist in the matter.


Jack Thompson arrests Dottie Underwood

Meanwhile, Chief Jack Thompson of the New York Bell Company branch was going through a crisis of faith after the successful capture of Dottie Underwood; the FBI took over her custody and FBI agent Vernon Masters, an old family friend of Thompson's, told him that since the SSR was a wartime organization, it would soon be deemed defunct and replaced.[9]

Investigating the Scott case caused the SSR to learn that the Council of Nine was manipulating events to hide the discovery of Zero Matter and to get their member Calvin Chadwick ultimately elected to the presidency of the United States.[11] When the SSR desired to raid the Arena Club to learn the secrets of the Council, Masters, a Council member, thwarted the plan by getting an executive order to cease-and-desist and threatened Sousa and Carter that they might not survive the changes soon to take place.[12] This showed the agents that few could be trusted and the reach of the Council was extensive.[13]

Tired of Carter interfering in the schemes of the Council and wanting the uranium rods which she stole during her Infiltration into the Roxxon Warehouse, Masters talked Thompson into finding information to discredit the agent,[14] had Sousa assaulted by masked thugs, and took command of the Los Angeles branch.[15]

The next year, a new agency, the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division, also known as S.H.I.E.L.D., was formed. The SSR was absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D., becoming one of its subdivisions.[16]

Subdivision of S.H.I.E.L.D.[]


This section requires expansion
SSR turns into SHIELD

The file that passes all SSR's federal functions and responsibilities into S.H.I.E.L.D.[17]

"Agent Flynn, sir, it's been three months now and I've yet to be sent on my first assignment."
"Peggy, relax. War is over. We'll handle the rough stuff."
Peggy Carter and John Flynn[src]

The end of the war did not mean the end of the agency. The Strategic Scientific Reserve worked on the Zodiac case, that was successfully solved by Agent Peggy Carter.[16]

Succeeded by S.H.I.E.L.D.[]

SSR Playground

The SSR logo on the wall of the Playground base.

"This was the SSR facility before S.H.I.E.L.D. was even founded. SSR stands for–"
"Strategic Scientific Reserve."
Jemma Simmons and Skye[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve became the research division for S.H.I.E.L.D., a newly created organization, making weapons and inventions for the organization. One of the SSR's facilities was re-purposed as the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy of Science and Technology and was used to train gifted young adults to become S.H.I.E.L.D. scientists.[18]

Director Nick Fury took possession of several old SSR bases and secretly furnished them with modern technology. He put only the most trusted agents in charge of those bases, the Koenig brothers among them. These bases became the first facilities of the reorganized S.H.I.E.L.D. led by Phil Coulson, as the agency lost several facilities during the HYDRA Uprising. One of them, nicknamed the Playground, became the agency's headquarters.[3]


Name Position Status
Chester Phillips Leader Deceased
Roger Dooley Chief - New York City Deceased
Jack Thompson Chief - New York City Unknown
Daniel Sousa Chief - Los Angeles Deceased
John Flynn Senior Agent Active
Peggy Carter Agent Deceased
Norris Roux Major General Active
Johnson Agent Active
Miller Agent Active
Wilkes Agent Active
Ray Krzeminski Agent Deceased
Yauch Agent Deceased
Henry Agent Active
Butch Wallace Agent Active
Mike Li Agent Deceased
Rick Ramirez Agent Active
Reese Agent Active
Comden Agent Active
Corcoran Agent Deceased
Messner Agent Active
Fisher Agent Active
Vega Agent Active
White Agent Deceased
Beringer Agent Deceased
O'Malley Agent Active
Ryan Agent Active
Howard Stark Scientist Deceased
Abraham Erskine Scientist Deceased
Alex Doobin Scientist Active
Aloysius Samberly Scientist Active
Rose Roberts Phone Operator Active
Steve Rogers Captain America/Howling Commando Presumed Deceased
Bucky Barnes Howling Commando Presumed Deceased
Dum Dum Dugan Howling Commando Unknown
Jim Morita Howling Commando Active
Gabe Jones Howling Commando Active
Jacques Dernier Howling Commando Active
James Montgomery Falsworth Howling Commando Active
Gilmore Hodge Super Soldier Program Candidate Denied



This section requires expansion


This insignia was used by the Strategic Science Reserve from its creation in 1940. It retained its use after the SSR was absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D. as one of its scientific research and development subdivisions until it was dissolved and fully absorbed into other S.H.I.E.L.D. subdivisions several years later.[2][19][17][20]

Behind the Scenes[]


Appearances for Strategic Scientific Reserve

In chronological order:


External Links[]