Autopsy of the Skrull Corpse
Following the conflict with the Skrulls, S.H.I.E.L.D. brought the body of dead Skrull to the field office. While medical examiner was checking the corpse, Nick Fury told Talos, who impersonated Keller, about the situation and how the Skrull impersonated Phil Coulson. Talos commanded Fury to track down Vers and investigate the Skrull invasion. Once Talos was alone, he began mourning the death of his fallen comrade and vowed to complete their mission, before leaving as well.
Upon the departure of Captain Marvel and the Skrulls, Nick Fury returned to the field office with Goose who stayed to live there. Noticing the injury of his eye, Phil Coulson asked him if Kree actually burned his eye for not giving up the Tesseract to them, while bringing him a box of prosthetic eyeballs. In response, Fury refused to confirm or deny the claim.
The conflict with Kree, made Fury realize that the world's arsenal, let alone S.H.I.E.L.D.'s is unable to protect the world, especially from intergalactic threats. This led him to form the Protectors Initiative, the project aimed to seek out individuals with unique abilities and powers to form a response team that is able to fight off any attack. Fury then saw Danvers' call-sign of "Avenger" and decided to rename the project into the Avengers Initiative.
Sometime later, when Fury wasn't in his office, Goose climbed onto his desk and regurgitated the Tesseract.