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Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki

"It's Russia, Hawkeye. Secrets were the national pastime."
Black Widow to Hawkeye[src]

Russia, officially known as the Russian Federation, is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 85 federal subjects. Formerly known as the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, it was part of the Soviet Union from 1922 until its dissolution in December 1991.


Viking Raids

During the late 8th to late 11th centuries, the Vikings raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe. One of these raid routes took them though the Volga River in Russia. In the 21st century, this particular route was considered by Skye as one of the possible locations for the Berserker Staff, as Elliot Randolph suggested searching Viking routes for its possible location.[1]

World War II

HYDRA Desertion

According to one of HYDRA's maps, Russia was among the countries planned to be invaded following the destruction of the United States, specifically targeting Moscow.[2]

United States Embassy

Jack Thompson contacted a man who met in primary school that had been destined to the United States embassy in Moscow, in order to search for Leet Brannis, one of their main suspects in their search for Howard Stark and his technology.

Thompson's contact discovered that Brannis was a member of the Soviet 478th Rifle Division during World War II, and that the entire battalion was wiped out during the battle of Finow in Germany. The contact informed Thompson that Brannis was declared deceased in 1944 with the rest of his battalion.

Thompson contacted him again to determine if the man whose hotel room key was found near the Brannis' corpse was also Russian, and the contact managed to identify him as Sasha Demidov, another member of the Soviet 478th Rifle Division that was declared deceased but turned out to have survived.[3]

Leviathan Recruitment

"My most heartfelt congratulations. You have all been selected to join Leviathan. This is indeed a great honor for you. Soon, you will know the glory of devoting your life to a greater good."

In 1944, a group of four men, including Doctor Johann Fennhoff, were kidnapped and taken to a covert facility. Inside, a woman removed their hoods and a Russian Officer named Fyodor congratulated them for having been selected to Leviathan, something they should consider an honor. Fyodor acknowledged that they would soon know the glory of devoting your life to what he called "a greater good", but he offered them the chance to decline. Pasha, one of these men, claimed that he had a wife and four daughters that needed him, and Fyodor acknowledged that he would like to be with his family. Fyodor subsequently ordered the woman to release Pasha, and she used a knife to stab Pasha on the throat. Fyodor told the rest that his family would join him soon, and asked the other three men if any of them wished to reunite with their loved ones.[4]

Imprisonment of Anton Vanko

"When the Russians found out he couldn't deliver, they shipped his ass off to Siberia. He spent the next twenty years in a vodka-fueled rage – not quite the environment you'd want to raise a kid in."
Nick Fury to Tony Stark[src]

Siberia was the place chosen by Soviet authorities to imprison Russian physicist Anton Vanko after he was deported back to the U.S.S.R. in 1967. The Soviet government sent Vanko to a prison in Siberia, serving for 20 years, due to being unable to develop the Arc Reactor technology by himself, given that he developed it in the United States with Howard Stark, the man who ordered his deportation. Vanko left Siberia and returned to Moscow following Premier Gorbachev’s call for democratization in January 1987, living in poverty with his son, Ivan Vanko.[5]

Birth of Emil Blonsky

"I pulled you one Ace. Emil Blonsky, born in Russia, raised in England, and on loan from SOCOM from the Royal Marines."
Joe Greller to Thaddeus Ross[src]

Russia was the birthplace of Emil Blonsky, although he was raised in England and become a member of the Royal Marines.[6]

Birth of Sofia

The city of Saint Petersburg in Russia was the birthplace of the woman who would become the mercenary known as Sofia. Sofia spent her childhood as an orphan and a runaway on the streets of Saint Petersburg, until she was snatched to Bulgaria by the members of a human trafficking ring.[7]

Birth of Natasha Romanoff

"Regimes fall every day. I tend not to weep over that. I'm Russian... or I was."
Natasha Romanoff to Loki[src]

Stalingrad is the birthplace of Natasha Romanoff, who went to become one of the world's most talented spies and assassins, first for the Russian KGB and, eventually, for S.H.I.E.L.D..

Samuel Sterns, mutated by Bruce Banner's blood, requested Romanoff's assistance in escaping the authorities and securing his work. In order to convince her, he correctly guessed her birthplace as Stalingrad, recognizing faint traces of her accent, and offered her the home she hadn't had in many years.[8]

Aborted S.H.I.E.L.D. Mission

Hank Pym, a consultant with S.H.I.E.L.D., was assigned a mission in June of 1989, requiring him to go to Moscow, Russia. Howard Stark confronted him with this when it was revealed Pym had instead taken a detour through S.H.I.E.L.D.'s research & development laboratories, uncovering their attempt to replicate his formula. Pym was furious about the attempt to duplicate his work, and resigned from S.H.I.E.L.D. on the spot instead of heading to Moscow to complete his assignment.[9]

Winter Soldier Program

Winter Soldier's mind is wiped clean again

"Желание, Ржавый, Семнадцать, Рассвет, Печь, Девять, Добросердечный, Возвращение на родину, Один, Товарный вагон. Солдат?"[10]
"Я жду приказаний."[11]"
Vasily Karpov and Winter Soldier[src]

With HYDRA having infiltrated the newly formed espionage agency S.H.I.E.L.D. after World War II, Arnim Zola and Soviet scientists experimented on Sergeant Bucky Barnes, who was found by HYDRA. At a covert HYDRA facility in Russia, Barnes was turned into an enhanced assassin for HYDRA as he was often used to eliminate any deemed threats to HYDRA.

The newest Winter Soldiers being prepared

Under Vasily Karpov's orders, Barnes assassinated Howard Stark and Maria Stark, who developed models the Super Soldier Serum. The medicine was used to enhance the abilities of five assassins, who became new candidates for the Winter Soldier Program. However, the five eventually rebelled against their HYDRA handlers during a training session, which resulted in them being kept under Cryostasis Chamber.[12]

Imprisonment of the Ranskahov Brothers

Brothers Vladimir and Anatoly Ranskahov were arrested and imprisoned at Utkin Prison to serve their sentence, due to their illegal activities in Moscow. They were heaped in a cell with inhumane conditions along with other inmates named Alexei and Oleg during three years.[13]

Breakout at Utkin Prison

Anatoly Ranskahov was tortured along with Oleg, however, only Anatoly survived, and taken back to his cell, where his brother, Vladimir Ranskahov was also kept with the rotting corpse of one of their former cellmates, Alexei. Vladimir asked where Oleg was, and when he answered that he had died, Vladimir told him they only needed each other. However, Anatoly was not sure about his own survival. Vladimir promised they would leave together that night, and showed him a weapon made from one of Alexei's ribs. Anatoly wondered where could Vladimir have obtained it, and he said it was a gift from Alexei, telling him that the guards should not have left him there from the rats, and proceeded to take another rib to make a second weapon. Anatoly wanted to return to Moscow and regain their status there, but Vladimir told him they should head to America, promising they would rule as kings.[13]

Birth of Whiplash


Anton Vanko settled in Moscow after being deported from the United States in 1967 accused of spying and sent to Siberia imprisoned. His son, Ivan Vanko, settled with him after he served 15 years in a prison for selling plutonium to Pakistan. Anton died years later in extreme poverty, blaming his situation on Howard Stark and his family. Ivan then created his Whiplash Armor using his father's blueprints for an Arc Reactor, as a weapon to be used to kill Howard's son, Tony Stark. Upon finishing the armor, Ivan met an agent of the Ten Rings to obtain a forged ID and travel documents for confronting Tony Stark in Monaco.[5]

Chechnya’s Reputation

"Why don't you tell me where you received your training? Pakistan? Chechnya? Afghanistan?"
Phil Coulson to Thor[src]

Chechnya has a reputation amongst the international community of being one of the best places in the world to train a mercenary. As such, Phil Coulson named Chechnya as one of the possible places where Thor received the training needed to subdue the multiple S.H.I.E.L.D. agents he defeated while trying to gain access to the heavily guarded Mjølnir in New Mexico.[14]

It also has a reputation for being an extremely unsafe place, where crimes such as the kidnapping of babies and children are very common.[15]

Illegal Weapons Dealing


S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Natasha Romanoff was ordered to go undercover in Moscow and approach Russian arms dealer Mikhail Fjodorov to interrogate him about missing bootleg Starktech from Hammer Industries. During her mission, an assassin disguised as a dancer, and going by the name of Sofia, killed Fjodorov and blamed Romanoff as the culprit. Romanoff was forced to flee to the hotel she was staying, while the Moscow City Police began cordoning the area of the assassination and emitting an arrest warrant for Tatiana Sokolova, Black Widow's alias during her mission. While Agent Phil Coulson, who was acting as control for Romanoff's mission, began setting an extraction in Gorky Park, Romanoff was attacked at her hotel by four mercenaries from Eaglestar hired by Sofia, who were carrying a SIM card so that the Black Widow could contact her after defeating the mercenaries. In the subsequent call, Sofia revealed that she took that alias because Sofia was the city where she first saw the Black Widow. She also revealed that, while wanting to become the new Black Widow, the reason for killing Fjodorov was simply that her employer wanted him dead. Sofia agreed to reveal the location of the technology to compete with Romanoff for the mantle of the "Black Widow", but only under the condition that she worked alone and without S.H.I.E.L.D.'s support. Romanoff subsequently took herself off-line, and, as roads, trains and airports were under surveillance for Fjodorov's murderer, she left Moscow riding a Railbike to use the high-speed rail connecting the capital to Sochi.[7]

Mantle of the Black Widow

After being blamed by the death of Russian arms dealer Mikhail Fjodorov during a mission to interrogate him about missing bootleg Starktech from Hammer Industries, S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Natasha Romanoff traveled to Sochi after being attacked and contacted by the real assassin, a woman that only called herself Sofia. Sofia revealed that she took that alias because that was the city where she first saw the Black Widow. She also revealed that, while she wanted to become the new Black Widow, the reason for killing Fjodorov was simply that her employer wanted him dead. Sofia agreed to reveal the location of the technology to compete with Romanoff for the mantle of the "Black Widow", but only under the condition that she works alone and without S.H.I.E.L.D.'s support. Romanoff traveled to Sochi using the high-speed rail being constructed to connect Sochi to Moscow for the 2014 Winter Olympics. When she arrived in Sochi, Romanoff established an alibi cover, posing as a TV producer before being discovered by henchmen sent by General Starodoub. Fjodorov's partner. Sofia met Romanoff face to face after killing S.H.I.E.L.D. agents Perez and Gerber, who were following her under Agent Phil Coulson's orders. After a brief introduction, Sofia plunged Romanoff into sinking into the freezing waters under an ice hockey rink, feeling betrayed for the interference of the agents. She revealed the location of the technology to Natasha while she was about to die from hypothermia. Coulson was able to save Romanoff, who located her by having both Perez and Gerber follow Starodoub's goons, and inadvertently sending them to their deaths as Sofia assumed they were following her per Romanoff's request. Subsequently, Romanoff went undercover as international model Marya Konn in a party hosted by Yuri Klementiev, another of Fjodorov's partners. She came across Klementiev, who tried to seduce her thinking she was one of the models he is used to have on his boat, but she quickly dismissed him. After that, Romanoff approached fellow Agent Gennady Markov, who had been posing as one of Klementiev's bodyguards for weeks, and obtained information to try to locate the technology. General Starodoub was seen in the party talking to Mohammed Yavari, a member of the Iranian intelligence interested in buying the Starktech. Romanoff located the technology and was able to retrieve it from a guarded cabin inside the yacht where the party was being hosted. However, she was forced to hand the technology to Sofia when she took Gennady Markov as a hostage, killing him to allow her to escape. Realizing how dangerous Sofia's games were for other people instead that only for herself, Romanoff vowed to kill Sofia by herself.[7]

Sojourn Enterprises

Richard Frampton founded Sojourn Enterprises, a transport multinational with a space tourism division, that in reality was a cover for some of the Ten Rings activities, and located its headquarters in Vladivostok. One of Frampton's terrorist acts for the Ten Rings was to acquire Hammer Industries' version of Stark Industries Jericho missile. He tasked the mercenary only known as Sofia to retrieve it, killing Russian arms dealer Mikhail Fjodorov and at least three S.H.I.E.L.D. agents in the process, traveling to Vladivostok to hand the technology to Frampton. When S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Phil Coulson discovered that Sofia's employer was the billionaire Richard Frampton, Agent Natasha Romanoff infiltrated Sojourn Enterprises headquarters in Vladivostok. There she discovered that he has made a Jericho missile that would explode near the border between Russia and North Korea, greatly destabilizing the world peace.[7]

Ten Rings

Natasha Romanoff boarded a train containing the last shipment to the launch site of one of the Jericho missiles constructed under orders of Richard Frampton, a industrialist and member of the Ten Rings terrorist group, that tried to destabilise the region launching the missile near the border between Russia and North Korea. Frampton oversaw the assembling of the missile in one of the facilities of Sojourn Enterprises destined to space tourism. When the final cross-check was finished and the missile was ready to be launched, Frampton congratulated all the personnel involved, especially Sofia, the mercenary who retrieved one of the most elusive pieces needed to assemble the missile. The train carrying the post-launch recovery equipment approached the facility, but as it was hijacked by Romanoff, it crashed against the facility. Romanoff emerged from the train and killed many of the security guards to approach the manual control of the targeting mechanism for the missile, just twenty seconds before its launch to avoid them being redirected to their intended target. Sofia, under Frampton's orders, tried to kill Romanoff, and the two women began an intense fight.

When it seemed that Romanoff gained the upper hand, Sofia pulled out a pair of guns and aimed at Romanoff, explaining how she admired the Black Widow so much upon witnessing one of her missions before joining S.H.I.E.L.D., and become obsessed with taking over the mantle of the Black Widow. Romanoff simply answered that she was not a good person when they first met, and waited until Sofia finished, realizing that she was next to the rocket engines of the missiles. When the countdown reached zero, the missile was launched and killed Sofia, burning her alive under the engine. As Romanoff changed the target of the missile to hit the same launching site, most of it was destroyed by the ensuing explosions that also killed Frampton.

Many S.H.I.E.L.D. Strike teams led by Phil Coulson arrived in the aftermath of the explosion to arrest the surviving members of the Ten Rings and interrogate them about their other activities in Russia. Nick Fury approached Romanoff and asked her if she was alright, and Romanoff answered how similar Sofia was to how Romanoff was before redeeming herself, feeling that many would have thought that Romanoff was not worth saving as Sofia was.[7]

S.H.I.E.L.D. Mission

Interrogation of Georgi Luchkov

Natasha Romanoff is interrogated

In 2012, at Solenski Plaza, S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Natasha Romanoff investigated General Georgi Luchkov for his crimes as an illegal weapons dealer. In order to obtain information about his contacts, Romanoff let Luchkov discover her identity and submit her to an interrogation. Romanoff let her captors beat her to make them think they had the situation under control, but she was able to turn the interrogation and Luchkov revealed the true identity of his contacts. Phil Coulson made a call to the phone of one of Luchkov's men, threatening Luchkov to obliterate the building with a F-22 Raptor, and demanding to speak to Romanoff. Romanoff freed herself while fighting Luchkov and his men, easily defeating them despite being tied to a chair and then picked up the phone to speak with Coulson.[16]

Undercover Mission

"If I just fought my way out of an underground Siberian prison, I'd kind of want to know what for."

S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Shaw infiltrated a Russian underground prison in Siberia in order to collect information about a separatist group in South Ossetia and a weapon they managed to obtain, the Overkill Device. Phil Coulson got himself captured and brought to the same prison, in order to provoke his captors and being interrogated, as the interrogator was none other than agent Shaw. Coulson revealed to Shaw his cover had been blown and needed to escape. Melinda May and Grant Ward defeated the guards and escaped from the facility, using a motorized sled to arrive at the Bus.[17]

Infiltration into the Russian Inhuman Sanctuary

"Three highly decorated members of the Russian government, murdered in cold blood, on Russian soil, by former S.H.I.E.L.D. agents. In another time, we would have found you three feet below the ice... if we found you at all."
Duval to Bobbi Morse[src]

To be added

Invitation to Fight

Grigori and Andrei Veznikov worked in a restaurant in Russia before they listened suspicious noise. Brothers came to hallway where they found invitation to Madame Gao's Da Jue Zhan.[18]

Avengers Civil War

Sokovia Accords

In May 2016, Russia was one of the many countries who subscribed the Sokovia Accords for the registration of superpowered individuals.[12]

Battle at the HYDRA Siberian Facility

Steve Rogers and Tony Stark

Steve Rogers and Bucky Barnes flew the second Avengers' Quinjet to the HYDRA Siberian Facility in Siberia. They found out that the Winter Soldiers had been shot in their chambers. Shortly, they were met by Tony Stark and together found themselves confronting Helmut Zemo.

Steve Rogers and Bucky Barnes fight Tony Stark

After Zemo had played an old HYDRA recording of Stark's parents' death, an enraged Stark turned on Barnes and Rogers and a fight ensued. The fight ended after Rogers used his shield to power off Stark's Mark XLIV Armor. Rogers and Barnes then departed, and as they did, Stark told Rogers he didn't deserve the shield, in which Rogers paused and dropped it to the ground.

T'Challa subdues Helmut Zemo

Outside the facility, T'Challa, who had arrived secretly, stopped Zemo from killing himself and told him how vengeance had consumed him.[12]

Fall of the Red Room

Escape from the Seventh Circle Prison

To be added[19]

Visiting Melina Vostokoff

To be added[19]

Destruction of the Red Room

To be added[19]


"Four cities blacked out in five hours – London, Los Angeles, Moscow, and Miami."
Phil Coulson to Alphonso Mackenzie[src]

To be added

Kidnapping of Jeffrey Mace

To be added


Global Repatriation Council

In 2023, following the Blip, Russia joined the Global Repatriation Council.[20]

Blizzard in Siberia

In 2024, Siberia experienced a blizzard.[21]

Alternate Universes

Party Thor

In an alternate universe, Carol Danvers brought Thor to Siberia in order to defeat him without causing much damage to Earth. However, Frigga appeared via hologram and told Thor that she was on his way to him, prompting Danvers to abandon her plan and let Thor go.[22]

Age of Ultron

In an alternate 2015, Natasha Romanoff and Clint Barton travelled to Moscow in order to get to the KGB Archive Building. As they were making their way there, they were intercepted by Ultron Sentries and were forced to fight them off. After the Sentries were defeated, Romanoff and Barton went to the building. Inside, they looked through boxes until Romanoff found the box containing Arnim Zola's analog file. The file sent them to the HYDRA Siberian Facility in Siberia. After making their way to the facility, they located Zola's databases and eventually got Zola to agree with their plan. Barton then used his arrow to download Zola's consciousness onto it. Romanoff then lured the Sentries to the facility, while Barton ambushed them, shooting one with his arrow and Zola was able to take control over the Sentry. As they made their escape, Barton sacrificed himself to kill off the Sentries, allowing Romanoff to escape with Zola. However, Zola realized that the hive mind was not in their universe, thus leaving Romanoff stranded in Siberia.[23]

Known Presidents

Notable Citizens

Alternate Universes


Appearances for Russia

In chronological order:


External Links