Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki

Anything and everything related to Venom and other recent media not released by Marvel Studios is under the Editing Moratorium Policy until further notice.


Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki
Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki

"How did you get here?"
"It was Operation Paperclip. After World War II, S.H.I.E.L.D. recruited German scientists with strategic value."
Captain America, Arnim Zola, and Black Widow[src]

Operation Paperclip, also known as Project Paperclip, was a joint Office of Strategic Services (OSS)/Strategic Scientific Reserve (SSR) program in which over 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States of America for employment in the aftermath of World War II.


"You guys ever hear of Project Paperclip?"
"Secret program to recruit Nazi scientists after World War II."
Tony Caine and Phil Coulson[src]

On May 19, 1945 the United States of America begin Operation Overcast, later renamed Operation Paperclip, an effort to recruit former Nazi scientists to work for the United States as opposed to the Soviet Union. One of the most prominent was former HYDRA scientist Arnim Zola. After joining S.H.I.E.L.D., Zola began to rebuild HYDRA inside S.H.I.E.L.D.[1] Another recruited scientist, Wernher von Braun, who built the V-2 rockets for the Nazis, developed rockets for the United States that could fly into space. von Braun, alongside his former Nazi allies, brought about the formation of NASA, where he became an engineering program manager and chief architect.[2] When Peggy Carter came to the Rat prison to interrogate HYDRA general Werner Reinhardt, he expressed his wish to be recruited by the United States government, as many scientists were already recruited. However, because of his numerous war crimes, Carter sentenced him to life imprisonment.[3]

Known Recruits


  1. Captain America: The Winter Soldier
  2. Wernher von Braun's role in World War II is briefly described by Maya Hansen in Iron Man 3.
  3. Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.08: The Things We Bury

External Links