The Attack on Nick Fury was an assassination attempt on S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury in Washington, D.C., orchestrated by HYDRA on orders from Alexander Pierce after Fury became suspicious of Project Insight. It proved to be a significant event that kickstarted the conflict between S.H.I.E.L.D. and the resurgent HYDRA.
Unbeknownst to S.H.I.E.L.D., HYDRA had been infiltrating the organization for decades after their supposed downfall in World War II. Nick Fury had suspicions about the real purpose of Project Insight and secretly hired Algerian mercenary Georges Batroc and his team to hijack the Lemurian Star to recover more information.
Captain America, Black Widow, and STRIKE retook the ship and Romanoff downloaded the Project Insight data to a USB drive for Fury. When Fury attempted to access the drive, he was locked out, apparently by himself. Growing even more suspicious, he asked Alexander Pierce to ask the World Security Council to delay the launch of the Project Insight Helicarriers.
Washington D.C. Chase
Worried about the ramifications of his discoveries, Nick Fury left the Triskelion in his SUV to meet with Maria Hill. While on his way to meet Hill, HYDRA agents, disguised as Washington, D.C. police officers, began their attack.
First, they rammed and trapped Fury's SUV with their own vehicles and opened fire. This attempt failed due to the vehicle's heavy armor, so they resorted to breaking open the driver's window with an Electronic Battering Ram. The SUV window withstood three strikes before Fury attacked them with a built-in turret in his SUV. When the turret was damaged by return fire, Fury was left with no choice but to attempt to escape his attackers.
Fury used his car's auto-pilot feature to flee through traffic, successfully shaking some of his pursuers and maneuvering others into large car wrecks. However, just as Fury appeared to be successful in his escape attempt, the Winter Soldier appeared in front of him. He fired a Disc Grenade which attached itself to the undercarriage of the SUV and detonated, exploding and flipping the vehicle over.
Badly injured, Fury managed to use a mouse hole to cut himself an escape route through the street and into the sewers. When the Winter Soldier arrived at the car, he found Fury had escaped. Fury traveled to Steve Rogers' apartment, hoping to alert him to the corruption within S.H.I.E.L.D., unaware that he was being followed by the Winter Soldier.
The Assassination Attempt
Later that evening, when Steve Rogers returned to his apartment, he found a wounded Nick Fury waiting for him. Fury explained the situation to him using code and gave him a USB drive containing the Lemurian Star file, telling him not to trust anyone. As Fury explained the situation, however, he was shot by the Winter Soldier through the apartment wall. Sharon Carter, a S.H.I.E.L.D. Special Service agent, who was on an undercover assignment to spy on Rogers, broke down the door after hearing the gunshots. She explained her role to Rogers, who told her to stay with Fury while he pursued the Winter Soldier, although he failed to apprehend him.
Nick Fury was brought to the hospital in Bethesda, Maryland where he apparently died. Unbeknownst to all present, Fury used a heart-slowing serum created by Bruce Banner to fake his death. Because of this, Fury was declared dead by Doctor Fine. Steve Rogers and Natasha Romanoff discussed the incident at his apartment and she explained to Rogers who the Winter Soldier was.
With Fury believed to be dead, Alexander Pierce called Rogers to his office to find out if Rogers had been told anything by Fury. Rogers denied that he had, but Pierce was not convinced and ordered STRIKE to capture him. STRIKE failed, and Rogers escaped. Knowing that Rogers would be a threat to Project Insight, he ordered a hit on Rogers and Romanoff. Later, STRIKE and the Winter Soldier captured them and Falcon during a large battle, but Maria Hill freed them and brought them to Fury.
Fury only let a select few know that he was alive, including Maria Hill, Captain America, Black Widow, Falcon, and Eric Koenig. He sent a signal to Phil Coulson via his S.H.I.E.L.D. badge with coordinates to the secret facility named Providence. When confronted by Melinda May, Maria Hill denied Fury's survival.
Fury saved the lives of Jemma Simmons and Leo Fitz, and assisted Coulson's Team against John Garrett in the Battle at Cybertek. In the aftermath of the battle, Fury appointed Coulson as the new director. Still believing Fury was dead, Robert Gonzales created his own faction of S.H.I.E.L.D. When he discovered another faction led by Phil Coulson operating in a style similar to Fury's, he sent Agents Bobbi Morse, Isabelle Hartley, and Alphonso Mackenzie to infiltrate the faction, report to him, and deliver the Toolbox. Ultimately, these two factions fought in the S.H.I.E.L.D. Civil War until Coulson revealed Fury was alive,  and Gonzales accepted Coulson as Director.
Behind the Scenes
- In the original script for Captain America: The Winter Soldier, the Winter Soldier didn't participate in the Attack on Nick Fury, as Anthony and Joe Russo resisted to his inclusion as they feared it would weaken him as a villain as he fails to capture Fury, but the producers finally convinced them as they wanted to introduce him earlier.
- Captain America: The Winter Soldier
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 1.18: Providence
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 1.20: Nothing Personal
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 1.22: Beginning of the End
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.15: One Door Closes
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.19: The Dirty Half Dozen
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.20: Scars
- Captain America: The Winter Soldier - Audio Commentary