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Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki
Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki

"It is not our way to be judge, jury and executioner for people who aren't our own."
"Not your own? But didn't life start here on this continent? So ain't all people your people?"
T'Challa and Erik Killmonger[src]

Africa is one of the seven continents on Earth.


Ancient Times

Arrival of Vibranium

"Millions of years ago, a meteorite made of vibranium, the strongest substance in the universe, struck the continent of Africa, affecting the plant life around it. And when the time of men came, five tribes settled on it and called it Wakanda."

Vibranium spreading around the land of Africa

2.5 million years ago,[1] a meteorite made of an alien metal landed in the heart of Africa, greatly affecting the surrounding flora. Centuries later, five tribes colonized the area and went to war over the metal, which they referred to as Isipho. One day, Bashenga was guided by a vision of Bast who led him towards a plant that had mutated as a result of the metal's powers.[2]


The Ennead were worshipped as gods in Egypt. While together, Khonshu regularly enjoyed listening to Hathor play music. Ammit's version of justice was deemed inappropriate, so the Ennnead imprisoned her in an ushabti and buried her along with last avatar, Alexander the Great. The Ennead tasked Senfu with keeping being the only being to know the ushabti's location, preventing even themselves from knowing it. Senfu created a star map of the tomb's location, and was later died and placed in his own sarcophagus. The gods later decided not expose themselves to humanity anymore. Feeling as though it would mean abandoning humanity, Khonshu refused and was kicked off the Ennead Council.[3]

Discovery of Vibranium

Howard Stark, founder and CEO of Stark Industries, sent his researchers to Africa. In one of its deepest regions, they managed to discover vibranium, a rare metal that supposedly absorbed vibrations and kinetic energy naturally. Stark crafted a shield with the vibranium to host a demonstration of this discovery at Ciro's, a famous local nightclub in Los Angeles.[4]

World War II

During World War II, North Africa became the site of many hard battles fought between the Allies and the Axis forces. Led by the Afrika Korps,[5] the German-Italian army conquered many territories. However, in 1942, the British Armed Forces managed to defeat the Axis troops in the battle of El Alamein.[6] By 1943, the Allies managed to inflict heavy casualties upon the Axis.[7] Steve Rogers was supposed to have a tour as Captain America for the Allied soldiers stationed in North Africa, but when he became a hero by saving nearly 400 Allied POWs from the HYDRA facility in Austria, the tour was cancelled.[8]

21st Century

S.H.I.E.L.D. Surveillance

The African nation of Wakanda was marked as a "hot-spot" for activities monitored by S.H.I.E.L.D. As such, it was displayed in the holographic maps used by the organization to oversee those activities, such as the ones present in the room where Nick Fury met with Tony Stark to discuss his formal integration into the Avengers Initiative.[9]

Theft of Vibranium

"There has been an attack. This man, Ulysses Klaue, stole a quarter ton of vibranium from us and triggered a bomb at the border to escape. Many lives were lost."
T'Chaka to N'Jobu[src]

Ulysses Klaue was in Wakanda once, where he stole large amounts of vibranium and had the word "thief" branded on his neck.[10]

The Congo Mission

Uganda was the starting point for a field test by the United States Armed Forces of the Aerodynamic Marvel. Iron Man rescued a pilot from Ten Rings agents in Congo and delivered him to Cairo.[11]

Abidjan Operation

S.H.I.E.L.D. agents Natasha Romanoff and Clint Barton were sent on a mission to Abidjan, Ivory Coast, as part of STRIKE Team: Delta. During the mission, codenamed Abidjan Operation, they were involved in a shooting at the specific coordinates 5º 20' 27 N, 4º 01' 41 W.[12]

Tanzanian Gold

Tanzania has vast amounts of minerals including gold, diamonds, coal, iron, uranium, nickel, chromium, tin, platinum, cobalt, niobium, natural gas, and others. Quinn Worldwide, a large mining conglomerate, owned the Dacey mine in Tanzania.

Ian Quinn, the CEO of Quinn Worldwide, used gold from this mine to pay Todd Chesterfield for his construction equipment, which he in the kidnapping of Franklin Hall. When Phil Coulson seized this gold from Chesterfield, Leo Fitz was able to identify its origin as Tanzania from its impurities.[13]

HYDRA Uprising

"Captain America has defeated the Helicarriers at the Triskelion. But his status is unknown."
"And S.H.I.E.L.D. has fallen."
"HYDRA factions have taken control of our East African headquarters and the Treehouse. And those are just the ones we know of."
"It's gonna be a scramble, a power grab."
Victoria Hand and Phil Coulson[src]

Georges Batroc retreated to a safehouse in his birthplace Algeria after fleeing the Lemurian Star, but was captured by S.H.I.E.L.D..

Once HYDRA revealed their infiltration within S.H.I.E.L.D.,[14] HYDRA operatives started a siege and attacking every S.H.I.E.L.D. facility they had access to, including the S.H.I.E.L.D. East African Headquarters and the Sandbox. The HYDRA agents stationed at the headquarters managed to take control of them.[15]

At the Sandbox, the latent brainwashing of Donnie Gill, who was imprisoned and brainwashed here following his creation of a large scale Atmospheric Moisture Freezing Device that caused a super storm over the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy of Science and Technology,[16] was activated in order to seize control of the base for HYDRA. Together, with the rest of HYDRA operatives embedded at the base, Gill managed to take the Sandbox quickly despite the escape of some loyal S.H.I.E.L.D. agents. Gill then broke free of HYDRA's control and fled to Morocco.

He listened as Elias told him about Marrakech's past of taking in people running from their past, as Gill realized that Elias had reported his whereabouts to HYDRA. Gill was chased and took the fight to HYDRA on the Maribel del Mar, where he saw Jemma Simmons, who attempted to reactivate HYDRA's brainwashing. Gill realized what was happening and started chasing Simmons, but Sunil Bakshi reactivated the brainwashing, causing him to stop them from being chased by S.H.I.E.L.D. agents. However, Skye shot Gill, sending him into the water as HYDRA escaped.[17]

Duel of Johannesburg

Hulk fights against Iron Man in Johannesburg

In 2015, the Avengers travelled to Johannesburg, South Africa in order to stop Ultron making a deal with Ulysses Klaue at the Salvage Yard. However, all but Clint Barton were incapacitated by Wanda Maximoff who produced visions that messed with their minds. Due to this, Hulk, angered by his vision, went on a rampage throughout the city and Iron Man in his Hulkbuster armor had to stop him.[10]

Incident in Lagos

Steve Rogers in Lagos, Nigeria

In 2016, Crossbones and his men went to Lagos, Nigeria to steal a biological weapon at the IFID Headquarters. However, he was met by Steve Rogers, Natasha Romanoff, Sam Wilson, and Wanda Maximoff who arrived to stop him. During the fight, Crossbones attempted to commit suicide by blowing himself up along with Rogers, but Maximoff contained the explosion and sent him into a nearby building, accidentally killing Wakandan humanitarian workers inside.[18]

Attack on the Red Dust Cell

Yelena Belova in Morocco

Yelena Belova and a team of Black Widows was sent to Morocco on a mission to retrieve the substance known as the Red Dust. During the mission, Belova located the target, a former Widow named Oksana, with the substance in her possession. She confronted her and killed her, but was subsequently was freed from the mind control after Oksana sprayed her with the substance. Belova, horrified, at what she had done, promised Oksana she would release the other Widows and cut out the tracker from her leg and left with the vials.[19]

New King of Wakanda

T'Challa greeting Nakia in Nigeria

A week after the Accords were passed, T'Challa, in his Panther Habit was picked up by Okoye who flew him to Nigeria to a jungle where they retrieved Nakia from her War Dogs mission. T'Challa was dropped down by a chute hole on the ground and saw a Boko Haram group driving to their destination. He sent EMP beads downward onto their trucks, which immediately delivered a powerful EMP which forced all the vehicles to stop and made them unable to start again. Taking the opportunity, T'Challa landed onto a tree and stealthily wait until the human traffickers approached him. After they did, T'Challa fought them off and saved the kidnapped woman and child soldier. They then left to go back to Wakanda where T'Challa was to be crowned the new king.

T'Challa is crowned as King of Wakanda

Back in the Golden City, T'Challa met with Shuri and Ramonda before going to Warrior Falls. There he took the Heart-Shaped Herb and was challenged to a duel by the Jabari Tribe leader M'Baku. In the end, T'Challa was crowned as the new king of Wakanda.

T'Challa is told about Ulysses Klaue

Later, while visiting the Border Tribe and his friend W'Kabi, T'Challa was told by Okoye about Ulysses Klaue's newest mission. This prompted T'Challa to leave Wakanda to confront him for his crimes against their nation.

Everett Ross in Wakanda

After Everett Ross was injured, T'Challa brought him back to Wakanda to be treated by Shuri in her lab. When Ross was healed, he gave T'Challa and the others insight on Erik Killmonger, who had breached the border. When Killmonger arrived, he told T'Challa to duel him, in which T'Challa agreed. However, Killmonger defeat T'Challa and seized the throne. Ramonda, Shuri, and Nakia fled to Jabari Land with Ross and found out that M'Baku had recovered T'Challa from the bottom of the Falls. After giving him the last Herb, T'Challa recovered and made a plan to stop Killmonger.

T'Challa fights Erik Killmonger

During the Battle of Mount Bashenga, Nakia, Okoye, and the Dora Milaje fought against Killmonger, but were easily defeated. After seeing Shuri get threatened by Killmonger, T'Challa tackled into him and knocked them down to the Wakandan Maglev Train. After a fight, T'Challa stabbed Killmonger and helped him see the sunset as he died from his wounds. Afterwards, T'Challa reclaimed the throne and later opened Wakanda's borders to the rest of the world, including other African countries.[2]

Sanctuary for Bucky Barnes

Shortly afterwards, Steve Rogers brought Bucky Barnes to Wakanda in order for him to live in safety. Barnes went to the Wakanda Medical Center and went under crygostasis until a cure for his HYDRA programming was found.[18] Shuri worked on it and managed to free Barnes from his brainwashing. Barnes was then taken to a small village to recuperate and live in normalcy.[2] In 2018, Ayo met with Barnes and recited the words to him, which had no effect, proving that Barnes was free.[20] Soon after, Barnes, who was living on his little farm, was met by T’Challa who provided him a new Vibranium arm.[21]

Infinity War

Battle of Wakanda

Sam Wilson piloting the Quinjet over Africa

In 2018, Steve Rogers, Natasha Romanoff, Bruce Banner, James Rhodes, Wanda Maximoff, Vision, and Sam Wilson, who was piloting the Quinjet, travelled to Wakanda. Wilson expressed hesitation while flying over the African forests to Wakanda but Rogers assured him to keep going straight. Once they landed at the Golden City, T'Challa greeted them and Rogers was reunited with Bucky Barnes. T'Challa took them to the Wakanda Medical Center where Vision and the Mind Stone were to be examined by Shuri. After the others left, Maximoff remained behind to stand guard to remove the Stone after it was out.

The battle of Wakanda

The others left to join T'Challa and the other Wakandan armies on the field as Outrider Dropships crashed into the ground outside Wakanda's border. Proxima Midnight and Cull Obsidian, members of the Black Order, arrived and unleashed a horde of Outriders on the Avengers and Wakandans engaging in the battle. After Threshers ripped through the ground below, Maximoff left her post and flew to the battlefield and rendered the vehicles useless. During this time, Thor arrived with Rocket Raccoon and Groot. With Maximoff gone, Corvus Glaive infiltrated and knocked out Shuri, leading Vision to fight him and they fell into the forest below.

Thanos implements the Snap in Wakanda

After the Outriders were defeated, Thanos arrived through a portal with the Infinity Gauntlet and eventually after defeating the Avengers and Vision, completed the Gauntlet. However, Thor injured him with his new weapon, but Thanos still was able to enact the Snap before teleporting away. The consequences of the Snap happened fast, as Barnes, Wilson, Maximoff, T'Challa, Groot, and Wakandan warriors disintegrated away, leaving the survivors in defeat.[21]


"It was a mild subduction under the African plate."
"Do we have a visual? How are we handling it?"
"Nat, it's an earthquake under the ocean. We handle it by not handling it."
Okoye and Natasha Romanoff[src]

In 2023, a mild subduction under the African plate, specifically an earthquake under the Atlantic Ocean, took place. Okoye reported the situation to Natasha Romanoff during a holographic meeting.[22]



As a result of the Blip, the population in all of the African countries were restored to life. Shortly after, Masters of the Mystic Arts arrived in Wakanda and transported T’Challa, Shuri, the Wakandan armies, Sam Wilson, Wanda Maximoff, Bucky Barnes, and Groot via Inter-Dimensional Portals from Wakanda to New York to join the battle.[22]


Celebrations in Wakanda

Afterwards, T’Challa and Shuri returned to Wakanda and reunited with their mother and watched the celebrations of loved ones being reunited with each other in the Golden City.[22]

United States Air Force Missions

Rescue of Captain Vassant

Sam Wilson in the skies above Tunisia

In 2024, Sam Wilson, who had returned to the U.S. Air Force, was sent on a mission, along with his friend Joaquín Torres, to Tunisia to rescue Vassant from the terrorist organization LAF. Now equipped with a new EXO-7 Falcon suit, he used it to fly and rescue Vassant from a hijacked aircraft while fighting off the LAF terrorists and Georges Batroc. During the fight, Wilson's Redwing was damaged.

Joaquin Torres speaks with Sam Wilson in Tunisia

Afterwards, Wilson and Torres went to a nearby Tunisian city and talked outside a café. As Wilson repaired Redwing, a local Tunisian man came and thanked him as his wife had been restored from the Blip. Torres told him about how life during the Blip was and how a new terrorist organization called the Flag Smashers had come about during it.[23]

Mysterio's Campaign

"A week ago, a village in Mexico was wiped out by a cyclone. Witnesses say that cyclone had a face. Three days later, a similar event in Morocco."
Talos to Peter Parker[src]

In the summer of 2024, Quentin Beck orchestrated one of his Elemental attacks using B.A.R.F. hologram technology in Morocco.[24]

Arthur Harrow’s Campaign

Searching for Ammit’s Tomb

Marc Spector[25] and Arthur Harrow went to Egypt separately to look for Ammit's tomb. While Harrow used the Scarab of Ammit to find the tomb, Spector had to ask for information in Cairo, finding his informant getting killed by three of Harrow's disciples. Spector chased the men, but got interrupted several times. The three disciples were killed before Spector could find the tomb, so Khonshu decided to cause a solar eclipse in order to demand a meeting of the Ennead Council.

The council met in the Great Pyramid of Giza, where Harrow was put on trial. Harrow was found innocent, but Yatzil told Spector that Senfu's sarcophagus would be able to help him find the tomb. Spector was joined by Layla El-Faouly, who brought them to Anton Mogart's estate, where Mogart showed Spector the sarcophagus. Steven Grant helped Spector find the star map, but they were interrupted when Mogart and Bek got nervous about Spector handling the tomb. Harrow arrived and Mogart's security prepared to kill Spector, who put on the Moon Knight suit and killed them while El-Faouly retrieved the map.

Spector and and El-Faouly went into the desert to track down the star map, and Grant began fronting to help decipher. However, Grant realized that the map would not accurately reflect the tomb's location, and that they would need to know what the sky looked like on the day Senfu made the map. Khonshu agreed to help turn back the sky to that day, attracting the attention of everyone in Egypt and resulting in Khonshu being imprisoned in an ushabti himself. El-Faouly found the tomb's location[3] and she and Spector were attacked. They escaped and went to the tomb, where they confronted Harrow and found the ushabti. However, Harrow and his disciples confronted Grant and El-Faouly, so Spector began fronting and prepared to fight Harrow, who simply shot Spector.[26] Harrow then left and freed Ammit, while El-Faouly freed Khonshu and joined forces with Tawaret. Spector regained consciousness and reunited with Khonshu, both engaging in a fight against Harrow and Ammit in Cairo. El-Faouly joined the fight as the Scarlet Scarab and eventually, Spector’s alter Jake Lockley defeated Harrow. Spector and El-Faouly then took Harrow to the Pyramid and performed a ritual causing Ammit to be trapped within him.[27]




  • Africa is the second largest continent on Earth both in area and population, beaten only by Asia.



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